Wet Age Related Macular Degeneration
Through your eyes, you view the world in a similar way to how you view the road ahead through the windscreen of your car. But a chronic disease is known as wet age-related macular degeneration, or wet AMD for short can adversely affect your eyesight. Picture a stone suddenly hitting your windscreen and leaving small cracks in the glass. Initially, this doesn’t bother you too much. Similarly, a minor impairment of your eyesight doesn’t seem particularly worrisome at first. You may even think it’s a normal sign of aging.
However, if you notice a change in your eyesight, you should seek medical advice. As you continue your journey, more cracks may appear. In the same way with wet AMD, small blood vessels in your eye start growing underneath your retina, stimulated by growth proteins. This progressively affects your central vision. Blurred lines and shadowy spots appear, gradually diminishing your eyesight. Of course, you can have your windscreen fixed easily.
Unfortunately, you cannot have your eyes easily fixed in one single treatment. If you wait too long before seeking medical advice, the blood vessels growing underneath your retina will spread further, causing leakage and eventually lead to permanent scarring. To prevent this small vessel growth, you need ongoing injections of a substance that traps the growth proteins. The earlier the condition is diagnosed and treatment is started, the less damage to your retina. After treatment, your central vision may stabilize and may even improve slightly, as sometimes the blood vessels can retreat. In order to protect your eyesight, you should consult with your doctor at the first signs of vision impairment.